Also, those bugs are definitely what I think they are and until stated otherwise in the story I can’t be unconvinced. They are either part of the collective. Or whatever the bugs are called, it’s 4 am and I can’t remember) working in deep cover or a breakaway faction. Either way, they are dangerous. I thought this before. But there is literally no way they’re not an enemy of the federation at this point. Mainly they have survived through size and inertia. They are so large and have such a large army and navy that very few can dare challenge them.
Two of them were with the Collective but the attacks were of a much smaller scale. And the bugs weren’t using anti-matter then. Both were pretty much straight up frontal assaults, straightforward fleet to fleet naval engagements and the bugs don’t have a lot of finesse on the battlefield. They have a big force of what seem to be disposable warriors that are pretty well equipped but pretty much just charged and held territory. That’s how the bugs were back then. Something seems to have changed recently. The bug warriors that the Empire and the Republic encountered were still not terribly bright. But was much better equipped.